The Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug is located in the centre of the West Siberian lowlands. Its territory is spread from west to the east almost for 1400 km, from the north to south for 900 km. The length of the borders is 4733 km. The Okrug occupies a territory of 534,8 thousand sq.km.
The Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra is located in the middle part of Russia and the Eurasian continent. The region spans 1,400 km east to west from the eastern slopes of Northern Ural almost to the banks of the Yenisey; and north to south - 900 km from the Sibirskiye Uvaly to the Konda taiga. The northernmost point is the head of the Hulga river in Berezovski District, the southernmost one is the vicinity of Kuminsky town, the westernmost is located in the Northern Urals at the head of the Northern Sosva river, and the easternmost - at the head of the Vakh river. The Okrug borders on the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug in the north, the Komi Republic in the north-west, the Sverdlovsk Oblast in the south-west, the Tobolsk and the Uvat districts of the Tyumen Oblast in the south and the Krasnoyarsk Krai and the Tomsk Oblast in the south-east and the east. The whole of the Ugra territory lies in the so-called Far North zone.
The region's administrative borders were set by the resolution of the Presidium of RCEC of 10 December 1930 "On establishing ethnic associations in the territories of traditional settlement of indigenous peoples of the North". The administrative structure of Ugra consists of several municipalities: Beloyarski, Kogalym, Langepas, Megion, Nefteyugansk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nyagan, Pokachi, Pyt-Yakh, Raduzhny, Surgut, Urai, Khanty-Mansiysk, Ugorsk; and the territories of the Beloyarski, Berezovski, Kondinski, Nefteyugansk, Nizhnevartovsk, Oktyabrski, Sovetsky, Surgut and the Khanty-Mansiysk districts.
The Okrug borders on six other subjects of the Russian Federation. The terrain is mostly taiga forests and marshes. The relief is varied: there are plains, submountain regions and mountains. The highest peaks are Mount Narodnaya (1,895 m) in the Polar Ural and Mount Pedy (1,010 m) in the Northern Ural.
The territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra is crossed by two major rivers: the Ob (3,650 km) and its tributary Irtysh (3,580 km). The tributaries of these rivers can also rival some major waterways. For instance, the Bolshoy Yugan and the Vakh (the Ob tributaries) are often compared to the Vistula and the Oder. And the Irtysh tributary - the Konda river is comparable to the Rhine River. Practically all rivers of the Okrug are slow-flowing with the characteristic seasonal flooding pattern. One third of the territory is waterlogged. There are about 300 lakes surrounded by forests and marches.
The climate is temperate continental. Its characteristic features are abrupt changes of weather in spring and summer, and significant daily temperature drops. Winters are long, snowy and cold. Extreme cold conditions may last for several weeks with the average air temperature below minus 30C. Summer is short and warm.